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Wildlife of India

Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park is India’s first National Park. The Park was established in August 8, 1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park’s name was changed to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist. Jim Corbett is famous for his exploits in the jungles of Nainital and Kumaon, where he shot many man-eaters. The Man-eaters of Kumaon, The Temple Tiger and The Man-eating Leopard of Rudraprayag are a few of Jim Corbett’s famous books. On the road to Nainital from the Park is Jim Corbett’s home, now a museum.
Corbett National Park is rich in vegetation, with different kinds of trees and shrubs. The lower reaches of the Park, where the land is flat compared to the upper reaches, consists of tall and slender sal (Shorea robusta) trees. Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and khair (Acacia katechu) trees are found in the middle reaches, while the upper reaches of the mountains are full of bakli (Anogeissus latifolia), chir (Pinus roxburghii), gurail (Bauhinia racemosa) and bamboo trees. The Park is dotted with lantana shrubs, a species that is a great cause for concern. Imported years ago from America, the lantana shrub ensures that nothing else grows near it. In the Park are 110 species of trees, 51 species of shrubs, and over 33 species of bamboo and grass that are mostly found in chowds, or meadows.

Ranthambhore National Park

The Ranthambore National Park encompasses nearly 400 sq. kms. of dry deciduous forest in south western Rajasthan. The Park derives its name form the fortress of Ranthambore which sits on a rocky outcrop in the forest. Vast in size , it encompasses an area of nearly 7 kms. in circumference. Its history dates back to the 11th century when Rana Hamir ruled from its ramparts. Its massive battlements enclose one of India's most ancient forts. The was a vital citadel for the control of central India and over the centuries many wars were fought for its possession.
The Ranthambore park is open only during the day time and accommodations are available only outside the park. There are many site seeing spots adjoining the park. The Mansarover lake lies just on the outskirts of the National Park approx. 20 kms from from the park and is known for its scenic beauty and various kinds of migratory bird. Surwal lake which is just 8 kms is another heaven for bird lovers, since it attracts many kinds of migratory birds also a beautiful site for camping. Devpura which is 15 kms is a unique place where black bucks and antelopes are found. Pali ghat on the banks of river chambal is an excellent spot for boating and camping. Indergarh a 15th century fort which is located in the middle of a forested valley infested with wildlife is again a place to camp.
The forests are very colorful, with the passage of each season the forest changes color. During the monsoons everything turns a vibrant and lush green and the prevailing sound is that of gurgling streams and waterfalls. AT the onset of the summer the contrast is sharp and the forest seems to shrivel under the scorching sun. The wide grasslands burn with the heat, the rocks reflect back t you and you feel the forest is melting. Two river systems, the Chambal and the Banas, cut around the forest on the border of Madhya Pradesh, nature has showered its treasures on this tiny paradise. In the dry and semi dry areas wildlife is invariably concentrated near water which is why sighting animals is so easy in Ranthambore.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur - The Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan, was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD, it was once an impregnable well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as Mewat. The trio of Bharatpur, Deeg and Dholpur has played an important part in the history of Rajasthan.
The legends say that the place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur rulers, Laxman's name is engraved onthe state arms and the seals. The city and the fort have been believed to be founded by Rustam, a Jat of Sogariya clan. Maharaja Surajmal took over from Khemkaran, the son of Rustam and established the empire. He fortified the city by building a massive wall around the city.
The interesting aspect of the Bharatpur history is the domination of Jats in the region since 17th century, leader like Churaman and Badan Singh brought the Jats together to mould them into a force to reckon with. Suraj Mal has been the greatest ruler who made them a formidable force and played a very important role in the Indian history during 19th century.

Sariska National Park

Sariska National Park is situated in the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India. Spread over a huge area of 800 sq. km, Sariska acted as a hunting reserve for the royal family of Alwar. The park which was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1958, came under the project tiger in 1979. Today it has the distinction of being one of the most visited parks in India owing to its close proximity to cities like Delhi and Jaipur. The park remains open throughout the year while the best time to visit are the months from November to June. Some ancient temples and historical monuments are situated inside the Sariska park. The wide variety of animals, birds and plants found and the picturesque surroundings of the Aravali hills make this place a naturalist's paradise.

Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park, home to a wide ange of wildlife is one of India's largest national parks. It is a mesmerizing area covered with Sal forest and lightly wooded grassland. The Park also has a web of numerous rivers and streams. The tiger and the highland barasingha are the highlights of this park. Realising the danger on the Tiger population in the country, the Government started the "Project Tiger" at Kanha and in 1974 the area was declared a Tiger reserve.
The park was created in 1955 by a special law, with a soul aim of preserving wildlife and saving many endangered species in the process. The Kanha National Park is famous for its natural beauty and as dwelling ground to both predator and prey.
Other animals that are found here are the panther, gaur, chital, sambar, sloth bear, nilgai and blackbuck. Apart from these, there are some 200 species of birds, making Kanha a bird watcher's paradise. Water birds like cattle egret, racket-tailed drongo, woodpecker, parakeet, etc can also be seen here. One can spot herds of spotted deer with smaller herds of beautiful Antelope, the Black Buck. If you are lucky enough, you could also spot the timorous Barking Deer. It's snapping warns other denizens of the forest that a predator is around. One can also come across the Rare Barasingha and the Swamp Deer. There are 175 varieties of birds in Kanha. So if you are a bird watcher, look forward to a full bird show. Most people are interested to see Kanha's major attraction, the Tiger but one has to be patient to spot one. Also catch glimpses of all the grazers, a Porcupine, many Gray Langurs, Mongoose, Hyena, Jungle Cat and even a Leopard. Other wild attractions in this Tiger dominated country include varieties of Deer - the Barasingha, Chital or Spotted Deer, Chousingha, Nilgai, as well as the majestic Gaur or Indian Bison and wild Pig

Bandhavgarh National Park

The Bandhavgarh National Park is located within the district of Sahdol in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The Bandhavgarh National Park is encircled by cliffs and wooded Vindhyan mountains, having dense forests. Its plains own a number of grass and reed covered wetlands where one can see Kingfishers dive and Egrets sit poised, hunch-backed, in the shallows. Vultures have their nests in the holes of the sheer cliffs.
The Bandhavgarh jungle has its own climate, atmosphere, water and nutrition, a living self-sustaining organism recharged through its recycling systems. It even has a sleep wake cycle. As more light fills the sky, Bandhavgarh begins to awaken. The Park consists primarily of Sal forests, which is one of the main tree-cover found in the entire park along with Bamboo. It was finally declared a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1993.

Bandhavgarh National Park in its early days was just 105.40-sq-kms in area, but it extended to an area of 437 sq. kms. The park had just 25 resident tigers in the past, but now it has high-density tiger population. Bandhavgarh was once a hunting reserve of the royal family of Rewa, but recently Bandhavgarh was declared a reserve park in 1968. This is also the site where the famous White Tigers of Rewa were discovered.

Periyar National Park

The most renowned destination is the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary at Thekkady, one of India's major sanctuary areas. The drive to Thekkady itself is enchanting as the road winds through tranquil countryside, rich plantations and thick jungles.
The sanctuary offers a lovely and comfortable way to see the animals via boat rides on the man-made lake, which the wildlife areas encircle. In addition to the wild life, there are water and land birds galore here, and one can sometimes find dedicated bird watchers setting in for one or two weeks of serious observations.
Covering an area of 777 sq. km. of lush green tropical forests, it is the natural habitat of elephant, bison, spotted deer, sambar, bear etc. Colourful variety of birds like the Malabar Grey Hornbill, Grey jungle fowl and the Jungle Myna are seen.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a birding paradise; the grasslands are a raptor country that can be seen on safari makes a remarkable experience. These include the Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, White Tailed Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Huge numbers of migratory birds descend on the parks lakes and marshy areas during winters, including Greylag Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy Shelduck, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Pochard and Northern Shoveller.